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Here is a simulation of a Neutron:

The Neutron's wave-function is comprised from the sum of a Proton's wave-function, an Electron's wave-function and an Anti-Electron Neutrino's wave-function. These combine to form the wave components of Up/Down/Down Quarks.

Up Quarks are IN waves with +2/3 charge.
Down Quarks are OUT waves with -1/3 charge.

Thus the U/D/D combination gives:

+2/3 - 1/3 - 1/3 = 0   (Thus, a neutral particle).

Proton, however, have U/U/D quarks, so have charge:  +2/3 + 2/3 - 1/3 = +1  (a positive particle).


NOTE: Blue = x-component,  Red = y-component,  Green = z-component

            Red/Blue images have the electron spin axis in/out of the page.
           Green/Blue images have the electron spin axis up/down the page.

Neutron's wave-function (spin axis in/out of page)

Neutron's Electric field (spin axis in/out of page)

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